Aquaponics refers to any system that combines conventional aquaculture (raising aquatic animals in tanks) with hydroponics (cultivating plants in water) in a symbiotic environment. In normal aquaculture, excretions from the animals being raised can accumulate in the water, increasing toxicity. In an aquaponic system, water from an aquaculture system is fed to a hydroponic system where the by-products are broken down by nitrifying bacteria initially into nitrites and subsequently into nitrates that are utilized by the plants as nutrients. Then, the water is re-circulated back to the aquaculture system.
Aquaponics is thus the combination of aquaculture and hydroponics, which is on one hand good for the environment and economically productive on the other. It’s growing to be one of the effective forms of investments on a small and medium scale.
Hydromo designs the Aquaponics systems in accordance with the residential spaces as well as industrial spaces requiring an initial setup and with rational recurring cost but it will amount to a good source of revenue in the form of fish and produce.
Aquaponics is a great example of year ’round, indoor farming. It can be done anywhere, providing fresh local food that is free of pesticides, herbicides and chemical fertilizers. It is safe, easy and fresh!
Home – A home food production system can grow hundreds of pounds of fish and all the fresh vegetables that a family needs.
School – In education applications, aquaponics is an excellent model of nature’s biological cycles.
Food Banks and Missions – Feed people in need: Aquaponics is an ideal way to provide fresh, nutritious food to those in need
Commercial – Commercially, aquaponics is a rapidly growing industry as entrepreneurs realize that aquaponics and controlled environment agriculture can provide high quality, locally-grown fresh food on a ‘year round basis. Large commercial aquaponic farms are providing fresh food to grocery store chains, hospitals and institutions.
Micro Farm Aquaponic Systems are perfect for a family or retirement business.
Natural and Sustainable
Aquaponics is a completely natural process that mimics all lakes, ponds, rivers and waterways on Earth. The only input into an aquaponics system is fish food. The fish eat the food and excrete waste, which is converted by beneficial bacteria to nutrients that the plants can use. In consuming these nutrients, the plants help to purify the water. You cannot use herbicides, pesticides or other harsh chemicals in an aquaponics system, making the fish and plants healthful and safe to eat.
Benefits of Aquaponics
- Use 1/6th of the water to grow 8 times more food per acre compared to traditional agriculture!
- All natural fertilizer sources from fish waste.
- No reliance on mined and manufactured fertilizers.
- Efficient, sustainable and highly productive.
- Produce is free of pesticides and herbicides.
- Fish are free of growth hormones and antibiotics.
- Allows continuous production of food.
- Produces both a protein and vegetable crop.
- Integrated system is sustainable and earth-friendly.
- Eliminating soil eliminates soil borne diseases.
- When combined with Controlled Environment Agriculture, you can grow year ‘round in any climate
What Can You Grow?
The fish and plants that you select for your aquaponic system should have similar needs as far as temperature and pH. As a general rule, warm, fresh water fish and leafy crops, such as lettuce, greens and herbs will do the best.
Most commercial growers raise leafy crops, but you can grow all kinds of plants in aquaponics. A few vegetables commonly grown are lettuce, Swiss chard, kale, collards, herbs, peppers, tomatoes, cucumbers, beets, radishes, carrots, green onions, leeks, beans, peas, kohlrabi, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, sunflowers, edible flowers and aloe. We even have tropical fruit trees in our aquaponic systems! Also bananas, limes, oranges, lemons and pomegranates can be grown year ‘round in aquaponics!
In Hydroponics, plants are grown in nutrient rich water without the use of soil. The nutrients that the plants normally derive from the soil are simply dissolved into water instead and the plant’s roots are suspended in the nutrient solution so that the plant can absorb the elements it needs for growth. In some cases the crop yield in hydroponics might be higher than conventional agriculture because the plants don’t have to invest a lot of energy in growing root system, due to the easy availability of nutrients, and therefore vegetables and leaves grow bigger. Plants commonly grown hydroponically include tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and leafy vegetables.
In aquaponics, the nutrients are derived from the fish waste produced in the fish tanks and this water is fed to the plants. The plants absorb the nutrients thereby cleaning the water. This water can then be re-circulated back to the fish tanks for reuse. This system requires 90% less water.
Hydromo offers the best solutions towards the setup of Hydroponics, for the industries and investors who wants to create environmental friendly and efficient farms in locations where soil conditions are too poor to support farming, or space is limited and a farm otherwise couldn’t exist.
Benefits of Hydroponics:
Hydroponics is an exploding industry that has yet to reach its full potential. The use of hydroponics broadens the ability to garden in small spaces where adequate land is scarce and in arid or barren conditions not conducive to propagation.
Though the benefits of hydroponic gardening are numerous and well documented, the commercial hydroponics industry has yet to truly hit the mainstream. Part of the reason for this is that governments worldwide continue to equate hydroponics with marijuana and have persecuted hydroponics companies accordingly. But as time passes, environmental concerns and a decline in arable land will inevitably foster a global awareness of the advantages of hydroponics for farmers and home vegetable gardeners alike.
Hydroponics versus Soil:
Hydroponics is gardening without soil. In hydroponic gardening systems, plants are placed in a growing medium and nutrients are provided directly to the roots. Many people are surprised that plants don’t require soil to live, but soil can sometimes be a very inefficient growing medium. Plants expend a great deal of energy growing root systems so they can search the soil for the water and nutrients they need to survive. By providing constant and readily available nutrition, hydroponics allows plants to grow up to 50% faster than they do in soil.
Gardening without soil offers many other benefits:
- Nutrients – Complete control over nutrient balance
- No Yard Needed – Create a hydroponic garden in any indoor space.
- Water-Saving – Hydroponic gardens use up to 2/3 less water.
- Affordable – Get started on a very low budget, and save on any size of project.
- Higher Yields – Hydroponic gardens are far more productive for their size
- Better Results – Hydroponics produces better tasting, more nutritional results.
- Year Round Growing – With hydroponics, you control the season.
- Enjoyment – Your success is all but assured with hydroponics.
- Relaxing – All gardeners tell you the same thing, it is a relaxing hobby.
- Family Experience – A great way to spend quality family time together.
The future of Gardening:
People are enjoying the satisfaction of growing their own food, the enhanced flavor and the saved money they benefit by doing it themselves. “Environmentally friendly” has become a mantra amongst those wanting to preserve our planet and stop the exploitation of the very land we depend upon. With this, many are utilizing the benefits of composting and growing their own food. This trend to protect and sustain our fragile planet is one that will continue to grow in the future. The movement towards a more health conscious society is on the rise, providing an unmeasured opportunity for hydroponics and organic gardening. Not only are individuals growing their own food, but restaurants and even grocery stores have implemented their own gardening centres to offer fresh, local produce to their customers. They have heard the voice of the people wanting uncontaminated foods grown in their own community.